Wednesday, 15 March 2017

Nutritional Top Tips

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Helen Money, Nutrition and Sports Nutrition Specialist
at The Bosworth Clinic
Helen Money of The Bosworth Clinic and our on-side nutritional professional talks through her top three common mistakes seen amongst triathletes when it comes to nutrition and a few ‘starters for ten’ to get you on your way.

Most athletes worry about whether they are doing enough training but what they should be worrying about is whether they are doing enough (nutritional) eating! Why don’t people put the same impetus on their nutrition when over the course of a season it consists of up to 1500 meals? This is definitely worth a read....

TTH: Helen, what would you say are the top three common mistakes or faux-pas that you see when coming into contact with triathletes?

1. Eating too little.

Triathletes are a unique breed, they are training multiple times in a day and they are asking their body to do a huge amount. The big mistake they make is forgetting that they are not normal. They do not need to follow normal guidelines. Generally speaking.

TTH: Is this more common to one sex than the other?

Interestingly, no. This sort of issue comes from different generalised reasons between men and women, but both are as bad as each other. Ladies tend to be more influenced by what mainstream (media) thoughts say that the average person should be taking on board whereas men tend to try the latest or newest quick fix or are lazier in their cooking and eating habits. [Are you interested in losing weight for your sport – read this blog before you start.]

2. Chasing Fads

The latest new style of doing weight loss is probably one of the most common adversaries to performance that athletes are letting themselves down with. There is so much media out there with new methods which either don’t have enough information, or do not have suitable studies or extensive studies. Equally, they rarely have direct links to actual performance benefits. [See this link for thoughts on some current fads.]

TTH: Do you have an example?

Well, it is never good to bad mouth any type in particular, but take ketagenic (Fat only) diets for example. In a nutshell, the reasoning being it is to improve your body’s ability to fuel from fats first. Scientific proof and decisions are still out for consideration over it. However, athletes need years to fully adapt and then on top of that, the performance levels dip and then resort back to a similar level to what they were before. At the moment, it is very fashionable amongst the endurance athletes. Yet the additional stresses it places on the body for the every day person are just not clear though usually negative. Sometimes it may be the absolutely correct call for the athlete. Surely though that decision needs to be based on fact rather than theory?

3. Thinking of nutrition as a separate entity

Nutrition is completely inherent with you, your life, your well-being, your training, your work and everything. Your body, especially as an athlete, performs best with the right fuel, dose of fuel, type of fuel and quantity; different times and scenarios impact each person differently and you need to ensure that you cover off nutrition in all aspects of what you do. If you download a generic training programme for a 5km/10km/IRONMAN, you will get a generic (safe), result. However, if you work with someone you are likely to accelerate that learning curve significantly. The same is true, only more so, with regards to your nutrition and how you go about making positive changes. What works with you, may not work for anyone else. Increasingly we are surprised by increased carbohydrate content through racing, or critical times required for positive protein synthesis after exercise which fits into your lifestyle.

TTH: So that’s what not to do, what would be your quick fire “food for thought” to help athletes out this season?

  1. Put equal planning into nutrition as training – nutrition should be planned not just happen.
  2. Make everything you eat add to your performance (and wellbeing)
  3. Always take on nutrition as recovery straight after training. Without adequate recovery athletes can get run down as training increases during the lead up to race season.  It also reduces risk of injury and therefore improves training consistency and finally, it helps to prepare the athlete for their next training session
  4. Start monitoring hydration needs during training – fluid requirements vary with intensity of training, weather, clothing and between individuals. Information gained from monitoring hydration during training can then be used when forming a race plan. Check out: this handy formula
 to work out your sweat rates
  5. Be conscious of the intended training outcome from a session and match nutrition accordingly
  6. Create a meal plan and set up a regular delivery order for foods needed.
  7. Keep snacks in bags, glove compartments and desk drawers - be prepared
  8. Set aside time to cook and prepare for the coming week – think ahead

It is critical that if you are serious about anything to do with nutritional management you get help by someone who has your interest at heart. It is easy to read something or be sold something which comes across as perfect to you, but without the correct initial analysis and on going checks, are you sure? 

Do you feel you could benefit from some expert nutritional advice?
Follow this link to see how we can integrate your coaching programme with expert nutritional advice to keep you fuelled and in the best possible conditional all through the season.

With our coaching packages, you can set up a nutritionalist to ensure that the training and also the fuelling are appropriate for each day and each session.
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Wednesday, 22 February 2017

What’s in a word?

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Below is a guest blog written by coached athlete Judith Ormston. Jude has been coached by Tri Training Harder since 2014 and has spent a number of weeks at Tri Training Harder's training base in the Algarve over the past few years.

My triathlon journey began in 2014. As someone who ran a bit, cycled a bit and had recently taken up swimming again, it seemed like an obvious challenge.

I entered two triathlons that year: the London Triathlon and the Brownlee Tri at Harewood House - both at Sprint distance. When I first entered, I made my partner Karl promise not to tell anyone at all. Which probably seems a bit strange, but I was worried that people would think it ridiculous and laugh at the idea. I was also terrified I would fail, in which case, I didn’t want anyone else to know about it! After all, I am in my mid-40s, overweight and had been the unsporty kid at school - the one who was always picked last for any team games; the one who walked the cross-country course. Surely the last person who could possibly do a triathlon..? But do it I did - the London Triathlon went far better than I expected and the Brownlee Tri was so much tougher! As I finished that one, I told Karl ‘that is my limit’.

Eyeing up doing the Castle Triathlon series in 2015, we decided some coaching would be a good idea and joined up with Tri Training Harder at the end of 2014. 

Jude racing in the London Triathlon

Around that time, there was a word that I started to struggle with. That word was ‘triathlete’. I found it hard not to wince when the word was used to describe me - I mean, sure I’d done a couple of triathlons, but that didn’t mean I could call myself a triathlete? After all - I didn’t look anything like the triathletes I saw on TV or in magazine articles. I didn’t even look much like most of the people I met on the Tri Training Harder training camps in Portugal. I felt that calling myself a triathlete was somehow fake or fraudulent. It just couldn’t be a word that described me…

In 2015, I completed all 5 of the Castle Triathlon series at ‘Sprint Plus’ distance (800m swim; 40k bike; 8k run) and well as London Triathlon Sprint again - and there were some tough, dark moments to overcome to do so. I struggled with the Open Water swim: hyperventilating my way through Lough Cutra & Chomondeley, pre-race nerves turning to dread before I even entered the water. At Castle Howard, I cried in T2 as I was so exhausted from the hilly bike and my back & hips hurt so much that I couldn’t see how on earth I was going to complete a hilly 8k run. In Chantilly, the easiest course by far, I was recovering from a bout of gastro-enteritis the week before. I realised about half-way through the swim that I was not anything close to race-fit - the run that day was the hardest thing I have ever done and I remember crying again as I passed the turn off to the finish-chute after the first run lap to head out again for the second lap. I wanted to stop and give up so badly and couldn’t quite believe that I was actually heading back out. But I didn’t give up at any of them and completed the series in a very muddy Hever in September 2015.

At the end of 2015, I was beginning to feel more confident that I could complete the events I entered. I had completed 8 triathlons and pushed my limits way beyond where I’d been just a year before, at the Brownlee Tri. But I still wasn’t really comfortable with being called a triathlete 

2016 saw me push my limits further. I’ve always struggled with anxieties, so to take on my demons with open water swimming and conquer the hyperventilation I’d struggled with, I swam in the London Docks throughout the winter in 2015/6. No triathlon swim would ever be as cold or dark as that! I also entered and completed my first 10k swim (Dock2Dock at the Royal London Docks). No triathlon swim would ever be a long as that! I completed my first Olympic distance at the London Triathlon (which was so much fun!) and then my first half-iron distance with the Castle Triathlon Hever Gauntlet – a long hard, slog of a day, but felt so proud of myself when I finished (or at least once I’d recovered a bit!)

Relieved and elated, Jude finishing her first half IRONMAN
distance at Castle Triathlon Hever Gauntlet

Somewhere along the way, I realised that being a triathlete isn’t about being the slimmest, strongest or fastest - it is about a state of mind. I had discovered a tenacity (or as Coach Alan would have it, a bloody-mindedness) within myself that for 40 years of my life, I’d never really quite known was there. I mean, I always knew I could be stubborn - but I’d been taught to consider that a fault. I had never realised there was a positive side to it, that even when 95% of me wanted to stop, there was a 5% piece of me that would just refuse to quit.

Jude and her husband Karl at the London Triathlon showing what it takes to become a "Triathlete"

I am now embarking on my 4th triathlon season and I’ll be pushing my limits again. I don’t know whether, come the evening of Sunday 20th August in Copenhagen, I’ll be able to call myself an IRONMAN. So much could happen between now and then, or even on the day itself. But there is now one thing I am now completely sure of:

I am a triathlete.

Tri Training Harder offer online coaching to athletes of all ability levels. If you are interested in finding out more about how a coach could help your current training routine, please give us a shout on or checkout our coaching packages here.

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Friday, 17 February 2017

Trial a cycling power meter on your next training holiday with #MyPower

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Are you yet to take the plunge and buy a cycling power meter? Or have you purchased a power meter only to be disappointed with the reliability of your device?

Unless you have been hidden away for the past few years, you will be aware of the importance of training with a power meter on the bike. On the back of this rise in popularity of power and data, there is a rush to supply all sorts of products to the market, each one with it's own claim to fame.

Verve, the company behind the acclaimed Infocrank power meter, have conducted a huge amount of market research on what cyclists and triathletes look for in a power meter. 
Now, in partnership with Tri Training Harder, Verve Cycling is making it possible for a select number of Tri Training Harder training holiday attendees to join the successful #MyPower plan.

The #MyPower plan will give you the opportunity to try an Infocrank power meter in the run up to and during your training holiday.
For successful applicants, the #MyPower plan will consist of:
  • An InfoCrank Set suitable for your bike will be given to you for up to 2 months before you training camp.
  • You can buy it at any time or return it at the end of the camp (with no strings attached)
  • Verve & TTH will give you suitable training and guidance on how to use the power meter and get the most out of your training camp.
  • Verve Cycling & TTH will give you specific camp related training zones and drills whilst at the camp
  • Verve will have the InfoCrank sent to your local bike shop to be professionally installed
  • Verve cycling & TTH will be on hand to answer any questions along the way.
What do you have to do?
All you have to do is write a short email to explaining the following:
  • Why you would like to ride with true and precise power numbers?
  • What cycling goals do you have in 2017 and 2018?
  • How would you gauge your understanding of power devices? Have you or do you currently ride with a power meter? Are you currently coached by TTH or do you have another setup?
  • Reference TTHMyPowerHoliday in the title of your email
All applications will be read and considered. Verve will correspond with all applicants, successful or not. You must send your application no less than two months before the start date of your holiday.
Apply today and change the outcome for your 2017 cycling year and beyond. Achieve your dreams on the bike with true and precise power.

We look forward to seeing you in Portugal later in the year!

Tri Training Harder
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Thursday, 16 February 2017

Myth busting - Training Holidays with TTH

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When I go about my daily business I am always surprised, and perhaps a little saddened, that people sometimes don't achieve what they want or set themselves appropriate goals because they have already talked themselves out of it.

I've often had a conversation with someone about a training camp, or training holiday and am met with a myriad of 'reasons' as to why they can't come, so I thought I would debunk some of the myths that seem to be surrounding our training camps.

You need to be good or an elite to go on a camp.

This is literally nonsense - you don't even need to be able to swim, bike or run!  Our coaches welcome all our guests regardless of ability and the ONLY thing we ask you to be good at when on holiday is having fun.  The best thing about being a coach is watching and helping someone progress, whether that's going for the next step on the podium, learning how to ride your bike with confidence/clipped in, or even nailing tumble turns.

Having fun

It costs too much money

There is no getting away from the fact the holidays aren't free, however with our holidays there are no hidden extras. Once accommodation and flights are accounted for, the only other times you will reach into your pocket is to get coffee mid-ride (1 Euro) and for the last night meal.  Transfers, breakfast, lunch, dinner, entry to the spa, entry to the pool and track - it's all covered.  All you need is some coffee euros....and if you don't drink coffee, then that's even less.

I'll be last and everyone will laugh at me/I'll hold people up

We have enough coaches to split the group into abilities, meaning you won't be trailing behind at the back of a group and if that means you happen to be in a group of one or two, then that's what we do. You'll often find that it's the smaller groups that get to where we are going first, leaving the 'fasties' to come in last!  Remember Myth 1, we're here to make sure you have fun, not struggle along at the back thinking this is the worst thing in the world.

Small, compact and friendly groups

I have unusual dietary habits and it will be too difficult to cater for me

You think?  We reckon we've seen it all before and nothing is unusual these days....besides, our holiday hosts, Scott and Lynn, like a challenge and having something unusual gives them a different perspective to have to cater for.  You name it, we've seen it.

I've only just started triathlon, I haven't even done my first race - I'll feel really out of place

Where else are you going to get such close attention and be able to ask all those silly questions? We've all been in the same position (guaranteed!) and are happy to talk about triathlon until the cows come home.  We're pretty confident you will come back from your holiday with lots of tips, techniques and confidence going into your first race.

If I take my bike, then I won't be able to put it together when I arrive

Firstly, you can hire a bike (including a fitting) so that you can eradicate this myth completely. Secondly, we're all more than capable of helping you put your bike together.  No-one is ever going to stand by and watch you struggle - that's not what we're about.....remember Myth 1; FUN!

Not quite ready for riding just yet

Everyone else will be super fit, tanned and bulging with muscles

We can assure you that triathletes come in all different shapes and sizes.  Yes, some people may be tanned, yes some people may have more muscles, but that doesn't mean they are any better or worse than you.  We are all human beings and at the end of the day, everyone there is looking to improve in some aspect of triathlon irrespective of age, gender, size, ability and how long they have been sitting in the sun!

Why do I need to even go on a training holiday?

Where shall we begin......first off, it's a great block of training that you can do with expert coaching and guidance.  Secondly, we provide more feedback than you could ever wish for with video analysis of your swimming and running and the opportunity to put some changes into place immediately. Along with the sunshine, the great roads, the increased confidence and fitness, the ever replenishing food cupboards, why not treat yourself to a training holiday.  You get 7 days of expert coaching for starters and end up going away with so much more!

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Sunday, 12 February 2017

The Importance of Goal Setting in Both Sport and Life.

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“Even a journey of one thousand miles starts with one step”

This is so very true, yet so often forgotten. What is also forgotten is that journeys have an end point or a target end point and so should your training.

As coaches, the first thing we do with a new athlete, or with an athlete looking at a new season (or set of seasons) is look at the destination. What do you/we want to achieve? What is your goal? What do we define as a success? All of these questions should underpin sports coaching and indeed business coaching or teaching. 

When was the last time you had a one, two or four-year plan whereby you could almost plan each day or session many months or years in advance, not for your sport but for your life? When was the last time that you reviewed your life to allow for more time for training? Or let’s turn that around. When was the last time you reviewed your training to allow for more time for life?

Philosophical questions maybe, yet important ones. All too often as a coach we hear how “I couldn’t complete a session because… x didn’t work out …or y was late …or friends organised an impromptu gathering” Life happens. And when it does happen the key thing is not to stress. If you have a plan in place it means you can react to the unplanned and get back on track again. By spending some time to plan out your year with regards to your family, career or social life, you can actually reduce overall stress on a day to day basis. [Check out this blog about how to plan adjust training and life using  a cooker(!?)]

“Lazy people plan more – it gives them more time to do fun stuff they enjoy!”

Athletes are becoming increasingly aware of their training stress. Training Stress Score (TSS™) has been floated by Training Peaks for many years now and is coming to the forefront of general (read (tri)athlete!) conversation. However, stress comes in all shapes and sizes and affects different people differently as a result of different experiences. Remember at the end of your final exam, you would have felt (drunk!? Yet also) knackered from just the mental fatigue you have been putting into learning and revising – this is just one specific example of how stress can impact you. Furthermore, stress has a massive affect on our sympathetic nervous system and this can even be felt in the muscle tissues! Yet very few people work at building resistance to this. People look at harnessing their inner chimp to excel in performance. Yet that can only be done when all aspects of life are aligned and humming along nicely. If people are struggling with a training niggle, they see a physio, yet what happens if there are continual issues stemming from non-training Stressors? Who is helping to put a plaster over that non-physical stress?

This is where goal setting with your coach can be useful, important and also easy in training. Planning your life goal with someone like a mental coach or psychologist ensures that your training is working effortlessly alongside your lifestyle and planning that out can have so many more performance benefits. Equally stresses can seem so much bigger in a closed environment. Working them out with other people, alongside your coach will ensure it keeps your training consistent and better quality which is the key to a successful and balanced lifestyle and race season.

Be lazy: plan.

Do you want some help developing all your goals?
Follow this link to link your training program with a performance psychologist today.

We all know that training impacts our lives beyond the individual work outs. There are sacrifices or choices we make every day which impact our lifestyle and those around us. Don't play with that. Help organise yourself completely.
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Friday, 27 January 2017

2016 Looking Back and Springing Forwards

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Elaine Garvican reflects on her 2016 season. Her coach, Philip Hatzis dissects some of the observations and offers some insights to where changes were made in order to improve her overall performance in the races that mattered.

The Highlights:

  • – Swam: 160.48hrs (458.5km)
  • – Biked: 444hrs 
  • – Ran: 115.9hrs (1231km)
  • – 5 races (1 x Olympic, 3 x 70.3, 1 x Ironman) 
  • – 5 podiums (1 overall win, 3 AG wins)
  • – Jellyfish stings: 1
  • – Bike crashes: 1 (minor)
  • – Weeks with no training: 5 (2 recovery, 3 due to illness)
  • – Average weekly training hours: 15:35hrs
  • – Biggest weekly hours: 25:57:42 hrs
  • – Average weekly TSS: 791
  • – Biggest weekly TSS: 1387.6

Elaine: I love the end of the year. I’ll admit I am a bit of a geek, but I enjoy looking back at what I’ve achieved, at which of my goals I hit, and adding up how far I’ve swum, biked and run over the last 12 months. I can then use these numbers to look forwards into the coming season and set more goals, which hopefully lead to quicker race times and more success. I was putting it off throughout December, because I wanted to include numbers as close to complete as possible and then, the day after Boxing Day, I came down with a really evil ‘flu virus, which initiated 2 weeks of little more than sitting on the sofa watching repeats of very old quiz shows. At that point I could barely muster the mental strength to work a calculator, let alone interrogate Training Peaks for data. So, now that my excuses for tardiness are out of the way, here is what training in 2016 looked like for me.

The biggest difference in 2016 was that, for the first time ever, I was coached. This means there are two pairs of eyes looking back over the year’s training, with Philip and I focusing on very different aspects of the same accumulation of exercise. We thought it would be interesting to make a few comparisons of this year versus my years of being self-coached.

Philip: Firstly, let's begin by looking at the PMC for Elaine's 2016 season [for a quick over view of the Performance Management Chart look at this blog here]. Elaine has highlighted some key areas which summarises her season nicely below:

A: Caught a cold – spent a week coughing
B: Raced Ironman 70.3 Wimbleball, (1st AG, 7th Female Age Grouper) followed by moving house.
C: Raced Ironman 70.3 Dublin (2nd AG, 5th Female Age Grouper)
D: A Race- Ironman Weymouth (1st AG, 2nd Female Age Grouper)
E: Caught the winter flu… there goes all that end of year fitness!

Philip: As we delve into the season in more detail later in this article, we can see how these key points make an impact really nicely. It is interesting to see how her season compares when we highlight some of the individual results below. It is great to see a steady and consistent CTL rise throughout the season; you can see some significantly higher ramp rates as we near the race season after Wimbleball (B–C); it is also a shame that Elaine caught the flu at the end of the year – and what a flu that was!  – Thankfully, although there were some slight reductions in aerobic capacity, a lot of the focus was strength work and that meant that we have managed to easily reattain the performance markers within a couple of weeks of strength training.

Overall Training Time

Elaine: The simple accumulation of training hours is affected by a lot of external factors which changed the way the year panned out. I was lucky enough to spend several blocks of 7 – 14 days in Portugal, where the early season warmth and sunshine made racking up the bike miles much more pleasant. Moving house and away from work meant more flexible working, a focus on my own business and taking on a significant charity role, but also contributed to the ability to log really big training days on a more regular basis.

Philip: Though there is a clear increase in training volume for the last year. It would be very easy to conclude that more training results in better performances. This just simply isn't the case. Actually, there was a lot of junk training going on in previous seasons. We changed the mindset to isolate and improve factors that contribute to long distance racing. This meant that our key workouts were IRONMAN focused – yes longer in duration than many would consider. However, strength and mechanics sessions were in high frequency yet low individual volume meaning we could get quality work done in small doses regularly throughout the week. This resulted in an overall higher volume of quality training while in the UK. Add in the luxury of multiple weekends and training days in Portugal with warm weather and higher training priority we can see an increase in overall training volume!

Elaine: Perhaps one of the biggest changes has been the introduction of a Strength and Conditioning program – not a category which ranked at all in previous year’s totals. Under the patient guidance of Paul Ledger at The Bosworth Clinic, I have evolved from someone who never set foot in a gym and thought benching was an exclusively negative term, to someone who looks forward to my gym sessions and is dangerously close to becoming nerdy about how much she can squat. The degree to which I enjoy lifting amazes me and is in stark contrast to how little interest I thought I had in it previously.

Philip: The below graph  is a summary of distance, duration and Training Stress Score, TSS (a combination of intensity and volume) for each discipline for the past three years. 

We can take great pleasure in seeing the TSS for each increasing and there is a greater relative TSS increase than duration or distance increases. This means that we are seeing indications that the training regime is taking a more intensive nature.


Elaine: I’ve spent more time in the pool than ever before, mostly as a result of consistently putting in 3 or 4 swims a week, rather than adding in monster sessions. The average length of a session has probably risen too though. 

Philip: It was probably also a result of starting to swim butterfly more often...! ;-)

Elaine: It is undeniably true that adding butterfly to my swim sets makes them take significantly longer.

Philip: Also due to more time in Portugal, Elaine was able to spend more time in a squad environment with one of the Tri Training Harder coaches looking over her swimming and multiple options for video analysis. Though training volume has increased, just having an extra session a week and more time in water has improved her general feel for swimming. Improved frequency in training sessions, rather than a greater individual session volume generally improved her swimming. The takeaway point for anyone else is: if you only have 2 hours available to swim train in the week if you make that 3x40 minute sessions, rather than 2x60 minute sessions, you will see more improvements as you hold your form for longer in shorter sessions before being fatigued.

Elaine: My 400m time had seemed to stall at just above the 6 minute mark, but recently some technique changes have helped me find another gear. Having finally achieved a sub 6 minute 400m (a goal for the last several years) I can now lower this, and aim for something quicker in 2017! 

Philip: Definitely, breaking the 6-minute milestone is a great achievement for any age-grouper. As a competitive and determined athlete – how much longer until we start hitting the 5 minute barrier?

Here again, we can see that though there is an increased TSS, duration and distance for the year is coming more from an increased frequency rather than "just adding more training volume!" As Elaine has absorbed this training load, we continue to improve training quality and therefore performance!

Elaine: Unfortunately for me, the Ironman swim is considerably longer than 400m. Sometimes, it’s longer than 3.8km, depending on how good you are at sighting, how many other people you have to swim around, or how well placed the turn buoys are! So the relationship between swim training and the resultant IM race times are slightly harder to tease apart. I know for a fact that the 2013 IMUK swim was short, and that I sighted incredibly badly at Austria, squandering several minutes, whilst sea swims (2014 IM France and 2016 IM Weymouth) are oftentimes of dubious accuracy and currents and tides have a greater influence. I think in general, it’s true to say that more swim training leads to faster racing, however!

Philip: Though the times can vary, one way of looking into how performance has changed over open water events is comparing Elaine's times against her competitors. If we do this, we see the following trends over the past four seasons:

AG-Position out of the water
Overall Female Position out of the water
AG Race Finish Position


We know the field was smaller in Weymouth event, however, with some significant changes to Elaine's swimming training and her AG positions out of the water in Wimbleball 70.3 (7th AG) and Dublin 70.3 (6th AG), indicating a strong correlation to improved swimming performance. This can be obtained through many factors not just through swimming faster but (for example) also being very comfortable in her open water environment. 


Elaine: In many ways, this is the trickiest for me to compare. This year is the first I’ve had a power meter, and with that comes a whole new wealth of information, but no previous benchmarks. In the past, I logged total distance, and hours spent on the turbo – and I used to spend quite a lot of time on the turbo. Nearly 100 hours all told in 2015, in fact, which I thought was quite a lot until 2016 rolled around. Training Peaks doesn’t differentiate riding your bike outside to riding your bike on the turbo, but I'm pretty sure I spent considerably longer expending a lot of effort going nowhere throughout last year – I would estimate around twice as long.

Half way through the year, we moved half way up the country, which meant new routes and less direct comparison with how quickly I covered specific routes, too.

Philip: Here it is harder to compare distance and duration as there was a lot more bike sessions done on the turbo, equally it is harder to compare TSS values when we know that the 2016 values are using power as their driving influence whereas previously, Elaine wasn't using a power meter. However, we can see that there is, by all accounts, a significant jump increase in all areas for 2016. This has made a big difference to racing. For a start, Elaine's biking performance has improved. Furthermore, though she can ride a more controlled bike without having to over-stretch herself on the bike before unleashing her run. 

The significant change from Elaine's point of view was training and using a power meter. As a coach I find this such an important part of training that I truly believe that I am not doing my job as thoroughly as is possible unless we can reflect on performances using power. (Some coaches like "Old School Methods." Great, we are in the 21st Century, we have these effective tools, I will use my knowledge to it's full capacity thank you and let my clients benefit from that!) As Elaine highlights above, there are many normal methods an athlete can see if their training is making a difference relative to roads, loops or routes she has ridden on previous occasions. 

The power meter though suddenly means there is no hiding – intervals are done a lot more specifically, the introduction of 'ilevels' and other new metrics in WKO4 mean that we can really individualise training for the athlete. We can also plan for races and race stresses more easily making training suited to the course the athlete will be racing on. Initially, as with most power users, the task was as simple as learning how to hold the same power for an interval and reduce her variability. By her A-Race at Weymouth in September, she was able to hold her variability to 2% and thus be within 3 minutes of her predicted bike time giving her a lot of confidence that she could then run her way towards the podium. This in itself was a huge mindset shift for her racing strategy.

The other fun side of training with a power meter is that we can start comparing how the critical metrics are improving. With Elaine's main race being a 180km time trial, with some "fun" 90km races in in the mix as well, looking at standard measurements, like Functional Threshold Power, 95% of 20 minute efforts, though interesting aren't critical to her performance. It just means she is getting better at riding hard for 20 minutes. Above we have compared her PMC with the same labelled points from before (A to E) and identified what more useful performance indicators are showing us. Here we have also assessed her peak 2, 3 and 4 hour power results from every training session and shown the Top 10 'performances' of each duration for 2016. A few points to note:
  1. – B–C is IRONMAN 70.3 racing so most of her efforts were focused over 2-3 hours. We can see five of her Top 10 3-hour power results in that region and four of her Top 10 2-hour results
  1. – Most of her Top 10 4-hour performances were in the weeks leading up to IRONMAN Weymouth (C–D) as IRONMAN training takes full hold and we see the specificity of her training in that period and indications of how she is coming into form
  1. – Even though Elaine took a good amount of time (six weeks plus) of normal training there are still some of her best 3-hour training results in the very beginning of her new season (E). Athletes tend to worry that if they take time off, they lose their fitness – yes they do, but that is a very natural part of the training rhythm. Trees lose their leaves in Autumn (Fall for the American cousins), it doesn't meant they won't be green again. Again, focus on good training principles, strength and conditioning, mechanics/technical work and you will have the benefit of a psychological rest as well as physiological gains! Patience has never hurt anyone before and her illness certainly will not be holding her back! [Check out this blog on how Psychological work can make such a big difference to your performance]


Elaine: I love the simplicity of running. When you’re time-crunched, it’s so easy to lace up your trainers, head out the door and come back an hour later feeling like you’ve made yourself fitter. I also love the actual running, so I have generally done it quite a lot. The early part of 2016, however, contained almost no running, in stark contrast to what I had originally planned. I’ve written about why [in this blog here] and about the surprising end result of a quicker marathon time in Weymouth than in Austria, despite having run almost twice the distance in 2015 as I did in 2016.

Philip: Initially, this seems to completely turn things on their head – Elaine almost halved her training distance (about 30% reduction in training duration) and improved her running time. We have to remember though that there is a significant increase in strength and conditioning volume. This is such an important part of running yet people forget about it. [If you want to find out what makes a great performance Strength and Conditioning Programme, check out this blog with Paul Ledger who helped write Elaine's training routine.] Running has to be complimented by S&C. And Elaine certainly learned that!

The other interesting consideration is run 'exercising' and run 'training'. This is highlighted really nicely by the above graph. Yes, there is a reduction of volume by between 25-30%. However, the TSS values are almost the same. In other words, the running that Elaine has been doing has been at a higher intensity or better quality than previous seasons. (There is a great example of this to come!)

Does better quality, or intensity mean lots of racing and fast reps? The answer there is yes and no. Above we see Elaine's Peak run pace against the time that she was able to hold it. The 2015 season is in purple and 2016 is in blue. We can see two clear differences: in 2015, Elaine was doing 3km or 5km and 10km events as training races as is shown by the faster paces held between 10 minutes to 40 minutes. However, in 2016, we focused on mechanical improvements and on sessions lasting up to two hours. [Not usually more than two hours – read this blog to find out why!] This served her well and meant that she was able to hold IRONMAN race pace for longer which resulted in a better IRONMAN performance. This training difference can be shown really nicely below. 

In the graph above, we can see the fastest pace (speed) held for any 30 minute period for any run over 1.5 hours and less than three hours. (We have allowed for elevation gains as well.) We have deliberately looked at these durations as they help to highlight training runs and not marathons or races as Elaine hasn't done a sub 3 hour marathon...yet! The trend lines give the most revealing insight to Elaine's previous running routine. We see several long runs throughout the season, however the pace remains almost the same throughout the whole year. However, when we compare the 2016 season, we notice that most long runs take place in the latter half of the season [read Elaine's blog as to why there were almost no long runs at the beginning of the season!] but these long runs happen at a faster pace and indeed that pace increases through the season indicating that we are improving her race specific duration pace. Furthermore, knowing that several of these longer runs took place off the back of long bike rides, we are seeing a very significant improvement on a key running and triathlon metric.


Philip and Elaine working together in Portugal in January 2016

Elaine: Not all comparisons are numerical or objective. This year I have felt stronger, fuelled and recovered better (thanks to guidance from Helen Money at The Bosworth Clinic [– read about some common triathlon faux pas here.]) and trained harder – in part because sometimes I have trained easier. 2016 brought some brilliant experiences, including my first (I hope not only!) champagne podium at Weymouth and my 3rd Kona qualification. Working with a wide support network including the Bosworth Clinic and our team sponsors has broadened the scope of my sporting ambition – where I used to think I was scraping the limits of my abilities, opportunities have arisen to swim, bike and run much faster than I thought possible than when I trained myself. On the back of this excitement, Philip and I have big goals for 2017 and I can’t wait to see what we accomplish.

Philip: I think it is fair to say it has been far from a smooth road to where we have got to [Don't believe us, read this blog!] but it certainly has been really enjoyable. One of Elaine's really positive traits is that she seeks to understand what she is doing, she questions and challenges what she does and what she is being told. She is also very proactive in what she does. We work together in a very open and pragmatic relationship which allows a lot of scope to develop both sides of the partnership. It certainly is not a one way conversation and we would urge all athletes to be proactive with their coach to both achieve the best possible outcomes for both the athlete and the coach. It shouldn't be the coach chasing the athlete, but the athlete wanting and willing to engage with the coach. It certainly leads to a more enjoyable coaching experience and regularly leads to better, more focused results. Bring on the 2017 season!

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